Male Infertility Tests one should be Aware of
"The fight is sometimes the most important thing to succeed."
Infertility is the failure of a sexually active couple to conceive after trying for months. Among the people suffering from issues related to infertility, 40 percent are men. In about 20 to 25 percent of cases, the problem is the sperm-producing glands (main male sex hormone) and testosterone.
There are a few tests that are conducted on men's fertility profile. This includes an in-depth analysis of male fertility, sperm analysis, sperm survival, Sperm DNA fragmentation test, and reactive oxidative species (ROS) test.
Male genital tract imaging:
This permits a precise view of the testes to determine their size, blood flow, varicocele diagnosis, obstruction and testis cancer. Any man with low sperm count should perform a scrotal scan because the risk of cancer of testis is higher in male with infertility issues.
Trans-rectal Ultrasonography or (TRUS):
TRUS is necessary if your doctor believes you have the seminal ducts blocked within the prostate. This condition is referred to as the obstruction of the ejaculatory conduct (EDO) and a correct cause of male infertility.
Male reproductive genetic profile test
Men with a count of less than 10 million sperm/ml may have chromosomal problems so they need karyotype testing to ensure that their Karyotype is 46 XY. It is important to identify such problems as some problems may have a negative effect on the health of the person and the offspring. In order to prevent a baby with congenital defects, certain karyotype problems require genetic diagnose (PGD) before implantation during the IVF cycle.
Male reproductive hormonal profile test:
In this test, hormones like FSH, LH, testosterone, and Prolactin are tested. In this male reproductive hormonal profile, estrogen is also checked for overweight men. Men who have low testosterone will require replacement Testosterone treatments for their general health and well - being after completion of their fertility treatment.
Semen Analysis test:
This is the fundamental test which gives an idea on testicular functions. The testicles are the main reproductive organs of the male gonads. There are two very important functions for the male reproductive system that produce gametes or sperm and they secrete hormones, mainly testosterone which are very important. A semen sample with 3 - 4 days abstinence will be produced by masturbation. A number of parameters such as sperm count, motility and morphology are checked.
Semen culture is done when the doctor considers the cause of subfertility to be a chronic infection. The semen sample is cultured so that microbes are searched and the antibiotic is determined.
Sperm DNA Fragmentation Test:
The fragmentation test for DNA in sperm checks the genetic substance, DNA. Many lifestyle factors such as smoking and scrotal heat exposure cause damage to sperm DNA such as varicocele and chronic infection. Whereas unexplained infertilities, recurring miscarriages and failed IVF cycles result in high DNA fragmentation.
Post orgasmic urine analysis test:
A sample of urine is checked for sperm in the bladder after masturbation and orgasm. Some causes of male infertility, such as diabetes, neurological conditions, certain types of medicine lead to semen returning to the urinary bladder during ejaculation rather than being removed from the water pipe. This is referred to as ' retrograde ejaculation, ' typical of men with dry or low ejaculation volume.
For any male friend who is suffering from an infertile quandary, request to follow above-mentioned tests. Never ignore your quandary and face it with intrepidity.